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Chapter 17

Chapter 17 2015-01-02T11:16:24+00:00

Bhagavad Gita 17.1

Arjuna uvacaarj

Ye shastra-vidhim utsrjya yajante shraddhayanvitah
tesham nistha tu ka krishna sattvam aho rajas tamah

“Arjuna inquired: O Krishna, what is the situation of those who do not follow the principles of scripture but worship according to their own imagination? Are they in goodness, in passion or in ignorance?”

Bhagavad Gita 17.2 krishna

Sri-Bhagavan uvaca

Tri-vidha bhavati shraddha dehinam sa svabhava-ja
sattviki rajasi caiva tamasi ceti tam shrinu

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: According to the modes of nature acquired by the embodied soul, ones faith can be of three kinds in goodness, in passion or in ignorance. Now hear about this.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.3

Sattvanurupa sarvasya shraddha bhavati bharata
shraddha-mayo yam purusho yo yac-chraddhah sa eva sah

“O son of Bharata, according to ones existence under the various modes of nature, one evolves a particular kind of faith. The living being is said to be of a particular faith according to the modes he has acquired.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.4

Yajante sattvika devan yaksha-rakshamsi rajasah
pretan bhuta-ganams canye yajante tamasa janah

“Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.5, 17.6

Ashastra-vihitam ghoram tapyante ye tapo janah
dambhahankara-samyuktah kama-raga-balanvitah

Karsayantah sarira-stham bhuta-gramam acetasah
mam caivantah sarira-stham tan viddhy asura-niscayan

“Those who undergo severe austerities and penances not recommended in the scriptures, performing them out of pride and egoism, who are impelled by lust and attachment, who are foolish and who torture the material elements of the body as well as the Supersoul dwelling within, are to be known as demons.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.7

Aharas tv api sarvasya tri-vidho bhavati priyah
yajnas tapas tatha danam tesham bhedam imam shrinu

“Even the food each person prefers is of three kinds, according to the three modes of material nature. The same is true of sacrifices, austerities and charity. Now hear of the distinctions between them.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.8

Ayuh-sattva-balarogya- sukha-priti-vivardhanah
rasyah snigdhah sthira hrdya aharah sattvika-priyah

“Foods dear to those in the mode of goodness increase the duration of life, purify ones existence and give strength, health, happiness and satisfaction. Such foods are juicy, fatty, wholesome, and pleasing to the heart.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.9

Katv-amla-lavanaty-usna- tiksna-ruksa-vidahinah
ahara rajasasyesta duhkha-sokamaya-pradah

“Foods that are too bitter, too sour, salty, hot, pungent, dry and burning are dear to those in the mode of passion. Such foods cause distress, misery and disease.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.10

Yata-yamam gata-rasam puti paryusitam ca yat
ucchistam api camedhyam bhojanam tamasa-priyam

“Food prepared more than three hours before being eaten, food that is tasteless, decomposed and putrid, and food consisting of remnants and untouchable things is dear to those in the mode of darkness.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.11

Aphalakanksibhir yajno vidhi-disto ya ijyate
yastavyam eveti manah samadhaya sa sattvikah

“Of sacrifices, the sacrifice performed according to the directions of scripture, as a matter of duty, by those who desire no reward, is of the nature of goodness.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.12

Abhisandhaya tu phalam dambhartham api caiva yat
ijyate bharata-srestha tam yajnam viddhi rajasam

“But the sacrifice performed for some material benefit, or for the sake of pride, O chief of the Bharatas, you should know to be in the mode of passion.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.13

Vidhi-hinam asrstannam mantra-hinam adaksinam
shraddha-virahitam yajnam tamasam paricakshate

“Any sacrifice performed without regard for the directions of scripture, without distribution of prasadam [spiritual food], without chanting of Vedic hymns and remunerations to the priests, and without faith is considered to be in the mode of ignorance.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.14

Deva-dvija-guru-prajna- pujanam shaucam arjavam
brahmacaryam ahimsa ca sariram tapa ucyate

“Austerity of the body consists in worship of the Supreme Lord, the brahmanas, the spiritual master, and superiors like the father and mother, and in cleanliness, simplicity, celibacy and nonviolence.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.15

Anudvega-karam vakyam satyam priya-hitam ca yat
svadhyayabhyasanam caiva van-mayam tapa ucyate

“Austerity of speech consists in speaking words that are truthful, pleasing, beneficial, and not agitating to others, and also in regularly reciting Vedic literature.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.16

Manah-prasadah saumyatvam maunam atma-vinigrahah
bhava-samsuddhir ity etat tapo manasam ucyate

“And satisfaction, simplicity, gravity, self-control and purification of ones existence are the austerities of the mind.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.17

Shraddhaya paraya taptam tapas tat tri-vidham naraih
aphalakanksibhir yuktaih sattvikam paricakshate

“This threefold austerity, performed with transcendental faith by men not expecting material benefits but engaged only for the sake of the Supreme, is called austerity in goodness.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.18

Satkara-mana-pujartham tapo dambhena caiva yat
kriyate tad iha proktam rajasam calam adhruvam

“Penance performed out of pride and for the sake of gaining respect, honor and worship is said to be in the mode of passion. It is neither stable nor permanent.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.19

Mudha-grahenatmano yat pidaya kriyate tapah
parasyotsadanartham va tat tamasam udahrtam

“Penance performed out of foolishness, with self-torture or to destroy or injure others, is said to be in the mode of ignorance.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.20

Datavyam iti yad danam diyate nupakarine
dese kale ca patre ca tad danam sattvikam smrtam

“Charity given out of duty, without expectation of return, at the proper time and place, and to a worthy person is considered to be in the mode of goodness.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.21

Yat tu pratyupakarartham phalam uddisya va punah
diyate ca pariklistam tad danam rajasam smrtam

“But charity performed with the expectation of some return, or with a desire for fruitive results, or in a grudging mood, is said to be charity in the mode of passion.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.22

Adesa-kale yad danam apatrebhyas ca diyate
asat-kritam avajnatam tat tamasam udahrtam

“And charity performed at an impure place, at an improper time, to unworthy persons, or without proper attention and respect is said to be in the mode of ignorance.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.23

Om tat sad iti nirdeso brahmanas tri-vidhah smrtah
brahmanas tena vedas ca yajnas ca vihitah pura

“From the beginning of creation, the three words om tat sat were used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth. These three symbolic representations were used by brahmanas while chanting the hymns of the Vedas and during sacrifices for the satisfaction of the Supreme.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.24

Tasmad om ity udahrtya yajna-dana-tapah-kriyah
pravartante vidhanoktah satatam brahma-vadinam

“Therefore, transcendentalists undertaking performances of sacrifice, charity and penance in accordance with scriptural regulations begin always with om, to attain the Supreme.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.25

Tad ity anabhisandhaya phalam yajna-tapah-kriyah
dana-kriyas ca vividhah kriyante moksha-kanksibhih

“Without desiring fruitive results, one should perform various kinds of sacrifice, penance and charity with the word tat. The purpose of such transcendental activities is to get free from material entanglement.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.26, 17.27

Sad-bhave sadhu-bhave ca sad ity etat prayujyate
prasaste karmani tatha sac-chabdah partha yujyate

Yajne tapasi dane ca sthitih sad iti cocyate
karma caiva tad-arthiyam sad ity evabhidhiyate

“The Absolute Truth is the objective of devotional sacrifice, and it is indicated by the word sat. The performer of such sacrifice is also called sat, as are all works of sacrifice, penance and charity which, true to the absolute nature, are performed to please the Supreme Person, O son of Prtha.”

Bhagavad Gita 17.28

Ashraddhaya hutam dattam tapas taptam kritam ca yat
asad ity ucyate partha na ca tat pretya no iha

“Anything done as sacrifice, charity or penance without faith in the Supreme, O son of Pritha, is impermanent. It is called asat and is useless both in this life and the next.”

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