Chapter 15

Bhagavad Gita 15.1

Sri-Bhagavan uvacakrishna

Urdhva-mulam adhah-sakham ashvattham prahur avyayam
chandamsi yasya parnani yas tam veda sa veda-vit

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: It is said that there is an imperishable banyan tree that has its roots upward and its branches down and whose leaves are the Vedic hymns. One who knows this tree is the knower of the Vedas.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.2

Adhas cordhvam prasrtas tasya sakha guna-pravrddha visaya-pravalah
adhas ca mulany anusantatani karmanubandhini manushya-loke

“The branches of this tree extend downward and upward, nourished by the three modes of material nature. The twigs are the objects of the senses. This tree also has roots going down, and these are bound to the fruitive actions of human society.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.3, 15.4

Na rupam asyeha tathopalabhyate nanto na cadir na ca sampratishtha
ashvattham enam su-virudha-mulam asanga-sastrena drdhena chittva

Tatah padam tat parimargitavyam yasmin gata na nivartanti bhuyah
tam eva cadyam purusham prapadye yatah pravrttih prasrta purani

“The real form of this tree cannot be perceived in this world. No one can understand where it ends, where it begins, or where its foundation is. But with determination one must cut down this strongly rooted tree with the weapon of detachment. Thereafter, one must seek that place from which, having gone, one never returns, and there surrender to that Supreme Personality of Godhead from whom everything began and from whom everything has extended since time immemorial.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.5

Nirmana-moha jita-sanga-dosa adhyatma-nitya vinivrtta-kamah
dvandvair vimuktah sukha-duhkha-samjnair gacchanty amudhah padam avyayam tat

“Those who are free from false prestige, illusion and false association, who understand the eternal, who are done with material lust, who are freed from the dualities of happiness and distress, and who, unbewildered, know how to surrender unto the Supreme Person attain to that eternal kingdom.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.6

Na tad bhasayate suryo na sasanko na pavakah
yad gatva na nivartante tad dhama paramam mama

“That supreme abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by fire or electricity. Those who reach it never return to this material world.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.7

Mamaivamso jiva-loke jiva-bhutah sanatanah
manah-sasthanindriyani prakriti-sthani karshati

“The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.8

Sariram yad avapnoti yac capy utkramatishvarah
grhitvaitani samyati vayur gandhan ivasayat

“The living entity in the material world carries his different conceptions of life from one body to another as the air carries aromas. Thus he takes one kind of body and again quits it to take another.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.9

Srotram caksuh sparshanam ca rasanam ghranam eva ca
adhisthaya manas cayam visayan upasevate

“The living entity, thus taking another gross body, obtains a certain type of ear, eye, tongue, nose and sense of touch, which are grouped about the mind. He thus enjoys a particular set of sense objects.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.10

Utkramantam sthitam vapi bhunjanam va gunanvitam
vimudha nanupasyanti pasyanti jnana-caksusah

“The foolish cannot understand how a living entity can quit his body, nor can they understand what sort of body he enjoys under the spell of the modes of nature. But one whose eyes are trained in knowledge can see all this.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.11

Yatanto yoginas cainam pasyanty atmany avasthitam
yatanto py akritatmano nainam pasyanty acetasah

“The endeavoring transcendentalists, who are situated in self-realization, can see all this clearly. But those whose minds are not developed and who are not situated in self-realization cannot see what is taking place, though they may try to.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.12

Yad aditya-gatam tejo jagad bhasayate khilam
yac candramasi yac cagnau tat tejo viddhi mamakam

“The splendor of the sun, which dissipates the darkness of this whole world, comes from Me. And the splendor of the moon and the splendor of fire are also from Me.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.13

Gam avisya ca bhutani dharayamy aham ojasa
pusnami causadhih sarvah somo bhutva rasatmakah

“I enter into each planet, and by My energy they stay in orbit. I become the moon and thereby supply the juice of life to all vegetables.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.14

Aham vaisvanaro bhutva praninam deham asritah
pranapana-samayuktah pacamy annam catur-vidham

“I am the fire of digestion in the bodies of all living entities, and I join with the air of life, outgoing and incoming, to digest the four kinds of foodstuff.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.15

Sarvasya caham hridi sannivisto mattah smritir jnanam apohanam ca
vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyo vedanta-krd veda-vid eva caham

“I am seated in everyones heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedanta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.16

Dvav imau purushau loke ksharas cakshara eva ca
ksharah sarvani bhutani kuta-stho kshara ucyate

“There are two classes of beings, the fallible and the infallible. In the material world every living entity is fallible, and in the spiritual world every living entity is called infallible.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.17

Uttamah purushas tv anyah paramatmety udahrtah
yo loka-trayam avisya bibharty avyaya ishvarah

“Besides these two, there is the greatest living personality, the Supreme Soul, the imperishable Lord Himself, who has entered the three worlds and is maintaining them.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.18

Yasmat ksharam atito ham aksharad api cottamah
ato smi loke vede ca prathitah purushottamah

“Because I am transcendental, beyond both the fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am celebrated both in the world and in the Vedas as that Supreme Person.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.19

Yo mam evam asammudho janati purushottamam
sa sarva-vid bhajati mam sarva-bhavena bharata

“Whoever knows Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without doubting, is the knower of everything. He therefore engages himself in full devotional service to Me, O son of Bharata.”

Bhagavad Gita 15.20

Iti guhyatamam shastram idam uktam mayanagha
etad buddhva buddhiman syat krita-krtyas ca bharata

“This is the most confidential part of the Vedic scriptures, O sinless one, and it is disclosed now by Me. Whoever understands this will become wise, and his endeavors will know perfection.”

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