Month: October 2014

Homi J. Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha, (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist who played a major role in the development of the Indian atomic energy program and is considered to be the father of India’s nuclear program. Bhabha was born into a prominent Parsi family, through which he was related to Dinshaw …

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C. V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected …

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Pingala is the traditional name of the author of the Chandahsastra (also Chandahsutra), the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody. Nothing is known about Pingala himself. In Indian literary tradition, he is variously identified either as the younger brother of Panini (4th century BCE), or as Patanjali, the author of the Mahabhashya (2nd century BCE). …

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Nagarjuna was an Indian metallurgist and alchemist, born at Fort Daihak near Somnath in Gujarat in 931. He wrote the treatise Rasaratnakara that deals with preparations of rasa (mercury) compounds. It gives a survey of the status of metallurgy and alchemy in the land. Extraction of metals such as silver, gold, tin and copper from …

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Chanakya c. 350–283 BCE) was an adviser to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupt (c. 340–293 BCE), and was the chief architect of his rise to power. Kautilya and Vishnugupta, the names by which the ancient Indian political treatise called the Arthasastra identifies its author, are traditionally identified with Chanakya. Chanakya has been considered as the …

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Brahmagupta (598–668) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who had written numerous important works on mathematics and astronomy. His most well known being the Brahmasphutasiddhanta (Correctly Established Doctrine of Brahma). Written in 628 in Bhinmal, it composed of 25 chapters detailing several unprecedented mathematical conjectures.


Brahmadeva (1060–1130) was an Indian mathematician. He was the author of Karanaprakasa, which is a commentary on the Aryabhatiya by Aryabhata. Its contents deal partly with trigonometry and its applications to astronomy. Brahmadeva was the son of Candrabudha. The family came from the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. He was born into …

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Bhaskara I

Bhaskara (c. 600 – c. 680)commonly called Bhaskara I to avoid confusion with the 12th century mathematician Bhaskara II) was a 7th century Indian mathematician, who was apparently the first to write numbers in the Hindu-Arabic decimal system with a circle for the zero, and who gave a unique and remarkable rational approximation of the …

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Baudhayana, (fl. c. 800 BCE)[1] was an Indian mathematician, who was most likely also a priest. He is noted as the author of the earliest Sulba Sutra—appendices to the Vedas giving rules for the construction of altars—called the Baudhayana Sulbasûtra, which contained several important mathematical results. He is older than other famous mathematician Apastambha. He …

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Aryabhata (476–550 CE) was the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His most famous works are the Aryabhatiya (499 CE, when he was 23 years old) and the Arya-siddhanta. He studied at the University of Nalanda. One of his major work was Aryabhatiya written …

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