Daman and Diu is a union territory in India. For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961, by military conquest; Portugal did not recognize the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974. Goa, Daman, and Diu were administered as part of a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory; each enclave constitutes one of the union territory’s two districts.
Daman boasts of a rich historical heritage spanning over more than 2000 years. The district of Daman of the erstwhile Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu is situated in the Surat District of Gujarat. From 2nd Century A.D., it formed a part of the country known as Lata, which was one of the seven divisions of Konkan Vaishaya.
Daman is situated at 20-22′-00″ to 20-27′-25″ latitude north of equator and between meridian 72-49′-42″ to 72-54′-43″ longitude. An important locational advantage of Daman is its close proximity to Bombay and it is just 13 kms away from the nearest rail road, Vapi. Geographical area of Daman is 72 square kms.
Daman is having a pleasant climate all over the year. In summer, Daman is blessed with cool breeze coming from over the Arabian sea. Maximum Temperature is 39 degree centigrade and minimum is 11 degree centigrade. The average annual rainfall is 1687 mm. Beginning September and culminating May is the perfect period for exploring and fascination of this wonderland, but planning a holiday in monsoon is no less appealing and will evoke a great deal of exhilaration and mirth.
Daman can boast of a rich and multi – faced cultural heritage. Dance and Music are very much part of the daily life of Damanite. Here is a true fusion of cultures – tribal, urban, European and Indian.This ornate amalgam is reflected in the traditional dances of Daman. Various Portuguese dances are well preserved and still widely presented.Tribal dances with caustic social comments are much in vogue.