Information About Assam

Assam is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur in the city of Guwahati. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, it comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 78,438 km.

It is known for Assam tea, large and old petroleum resources, Assam silk and for its rich biodiversity. The state has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. It is becoming an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, and Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. It was also known for its Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted now. A land of high rainfall, it is endowed with lush greenery and the mighty river Brahmaputra, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a unique hydro-geomorphic and aesthetic environment.

State Symbols
State song O mor aponar dex
State motto Joy aai oxom
State language Assamese
State Literary Society Assam Literary Society
State festival Bihu
State dance Bihu dance
State flower Foxtail Orchids (Kopou phul)
State tree Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (Hollong)
State animal One-horned rhinoceros (Gor)
State bird Deo haah (White-winged Wood Duck)

Assam and its Environs: As per the plate tectonics, the state is in the eastern-most projection of the Indian Plate, where the plate is thrusting underneath the Eurasian Plate creating a subduction zone and the Himalayas. Therefore, it possesses a unique geomorphic environment, with plains, dissected hills of the South Indian Plateau system and with the Himalayas all around its north, north-east and east.

The state is a major producer of crude oil and it accounts for about 15% of India’s crude output, exploited by the Assam Oil Company Ltd., and natural gas in India and is the second place in the world (after Titusville in the United States) where petroleum was discovered. Asia’s first successful mechanically drilled oil well was drilled in Makum (Assam) way back in 1867. Most of the oilfields are located in the Upper Assam region. It has four oil refineries located in Guwahati, Digboi, Golaghat (Numaligarh) and Bongaigaon with a total capacity of 7 Million metric tonnes (7.7 million short tons) per annum. Despite its richness in natural resources, the benefits have yet to improve the lives of the people of Assam.

The state has several institutions for tertiary education and research. The major institutions are:

  1. Gauhati University, Guwahati
  2. Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh
  3. Assam University, Silchar
  4. Tezpur University, Tezpur
  5. Silchar Medical College, Silchar
  6. Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat
  7. Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
  8. National Institute of Technology, Silchar
  9. Assam Engineering College, Guwahati
  10. Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat
  11. Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology, Jorhat
  12. Jorhat Medical College, Jorhat
  13. Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati
  14. Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh

Source: Wikipedia [Assam]