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Chapter 13

Chapter 13 2015-01-02T07:40:10+00:00

Bhagavad Gita 13.1

arjArjuna uvaca

Prakritim purusham caiva kshetram kshetra-jnam eva ca
etad veditum icchami jnanam jneyam ca keshava

“Arjuna said: O my dear Krishna, I wish to know about prakriti [nature], purusha [the enjoyer], and the field and the knower of the field, and of knowledge and the object of knowledge.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.2

Sri-Bhagavan uvacakrishna

Idam sariram kaunteya kshetram ity abhidhiyate
etad yo vetti tam prahuh kshetra-jna iti tad-vidah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: This body, O son of Kunti, is called the field, and one who knows this body is called the knower of the field.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.3

Kshetra-jnam capi mam viddhi sarva-kshetresu bharata
kshetra-kshetrajnayor jnanam yat taj jnanam matam mama

“O scion of Bharata, you should understand that I am also the knower in all bodies, and to understand this body and its knower is called knowledge. That is My opinion.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.4

Tat kshetram yac ca yadrk ca yad-vikari yatas ca yat
sa ca yo yat-prabhavas ca tat samasena me shrinu

“Now please hear My brief description of this field of activity and how it is constituted, what its changes are, whence it is produced, who that knower of the field of activities is, and what his influences are.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.5

Rsibhir bahudha gitam chandobhir vividhaih prithak
brahma-sutra-padais caiva hetumadbhir viniscitaih

“That knowledge of the field of activities and of the knower of activities is described by various sages in various Vedic writings. It is especially presented in Vedanta-sutra with all reasoning as to cause and effect.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.6, 13.7

Maha-bhutany ahankaro buddhir avyaktam eva ca
indriyani dasaikam ca panca cendriya-gocarah

Iccha dvesah sukham duhkham sanghatas cetana dhrtih
etat kshetram samasena sa-vikaram udahrtam

“The five great elements, false ego, intelligence, the unmanifested, the ten senses and the mind, the five sense objects, desire, hatred, happiness, distress, the aggregate, the life symptoms, and convictions all these are considered, in summary, to be the field of activities and its interactions.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.8, 13.9, 13.10, 13.11, 13.12

Amanitvam adambhitvam ahimsa ksantir arjavam
acaryopasanam shaucam sthairyam atma-vinigrahah

                                 (9)
Indriyarthesu vairagyam anahankara eva ca
janma-mrityu-jara-vyadhi- duhkha-dosanudarshanam

                               (10)
Ashaktir anabhisvangah putra-dara-grhadisu
nityam ca sama-cittatvam istanistopapattisu

                               (11)
Mayi cananya-yogena bhaktir avyabhicarini
vivikta-desa-sevitvam aratir jana-samsadi

                              (12)
Adhyatma-jnana-nityatvam tattva-jnanartha-darshanam
etaj jnanam iti proktam ajnanam yad ato nyatha

“Humility; pridelessness; nonviolence; tolerance; simplicity; approaching a bona fide spiritual master; cleanliness; steadiness; self-control; renunciation of the objects of sense gratification; absence of false ego; the perception of the evil of birth, death, old age and disease; detachment; freedom from entanglement with children, wife, home and the rest; even-mindedness amid pleasant and unpleasant events; constant and unalloyed devotion to Me; aspiring to live in a solitary place; detachment from the general mass of people; accepting the importance of self-realization; and philosophical search for the Absolute Truth all these I declare to be knowledge, and besides this whatever there may be is ignorance.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.13

Jneyam yat tat pravaksyami yaj jnatvamritam asnute
anadi mat-param brahma na sat tan nasad ucyate

“I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. Brahman, the spirit, beginningless and subordinate to Me, lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.14

Sarvatah pani-padam tat sarvato ksi-siro-mukham
sarvatah shrutimal loke sarvam avrtya tishthati

“Everywhere are His hands and legs, His eyes, heads and faces, and He has ears everywhere. In this way the Supersoul exists, pervading everything.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.15

Sarvendriya-gunabhasam sarvendriya-vivarjitam
asaktam sarva-bhrc caiva nirgunam guna-bhoktr ca

“The Supersoul is the original source of all senses, yet He is without senses. He is unattached, although He is the maintainer of all living beings. He transcends the modes of nature, and at the same time He is the master of all the modes of material nature.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.16

Bahir antas ca bhutanam acaram caram eva ca
suksmatvat tad avijneyam dura-stham cantike ca tat

“The Supreme Truth exists outside and inside of all living beings, the moving and the nonmoving. Because He is subtle, He is beyond the power of the material senses to see or to know. Although far, far away, He is also near to all.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.17

Avibhaktam ca bhutesu vibhaktam iva ca sthitam
bhuta-bhartr ca taj jneyam grasisnu prabhavishnu ca

“Although the Supersoul appears to be divided among all beings, He is never divided. He is situated as one. Although He is the maintainer of every living entity, it is to be understood that He devours and develops all.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.18

Jyotisam api taj jyotis tamasah param ucyate
jnanam jneyam jnana-gamyam hridi sarvasya visthitam

“He is the source of light in all luminous objects. He is beyond the darkness of matter and is unmanifested. He is knowledge, He is the object of knowledge, and He is the goal of knowledge. He is situated in everyones heart.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.19

Iti kshetram tatha jnanam jneyam coktam samasatah
mad-bhakta etad vijnaya mad-bhavayopapadyate

“Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain to My nature.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.20

Prakritim purusham caiva viddhy anadi ubhav api
vikarams ca gunams caiva viddhi prakriti-sambhavan

“Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.21

Karya-karana-kartrtve hetuh prakritir ucyate
purushah sukha-duhkhanam bhoktrtve hetur ucyate

“Nature is said to be the cause of all material causes and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.22

Purushah prakriti-stho hi bhunkte prakriti-jan gunan
karanam guna-sango sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu

“The living entity in material nature thus follows the ways of life, enjoying the three modes of nature. This is due to his association with that material nature. Thus he meets with good and evil among various species.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.23

Upadrastanumanta ca bharta bhokta maheshvarah
paramatmeti capy ukto dehe smin purushah parah

“Yet in this body there is another, a transcendental enjoyer, who is the Lord, the supreme proprietor, who exists as the overseer and permitter, and who is known as the Supersoul.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.24

Ya evam vetti purusham prakritim ca gunaih saha
sarvatha vartamano pi na sa bhuyo bhijayate

“One who understands this philosophy concerning material nature, the living entity and the interaction of the modes of nature is sure to attain liberation. He will not take birth here again, regardless of his present position.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.25

Dhyanenatmani pasyanti kecid atmanam atmana
anye sankhyena yogena karma-yogena capare

“Some perceive the Supersoul within themselves through meditation, others through the cultivation of knowledge, and still others through working without fruitive desires.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.26

Anye tv evam ajanantah srutvanyebhya upasate
te pi catitaranty eva mrityum shruti-parayanah

“Again there are those who, although not conversant in spiritual knowledge, begin to worship the Supreme Person upon hearing about Him from others. Because of their tendency to hear from authorities, they also transcend the path of birth and death.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.27

Yavat sanjayate kincit sattvam sthavara-jangamam
kshetra-kshetrajna-samyogat tad viddhi bharatarsabha

“O chief of the Bharatas, know that whatever you see in existence, both the moving and the nonmoving, is only a combination of the field of activities and the knower of the field.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.28

Samam sarveshu bhutesu tisthantam paramesvaram
vinasyatsv avinasyantam yah pasyati sa pasyati

“One who sees the Supersoul accompanying the individual soul in all bodies, and who understands that neither the soul nor the Supersoul within the destructible body is ever destroyed, actually sees.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.29

Samam pasyan hi sarvatra samavasthitam ishvaram
na hinasty atmanatmanam tato yati param gatim

“One who sees the Supersoul equally present everywhere, in every living being, does not degrade himself by his mind. Thus he approaches the transcendental destination.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.30

Prakrityaiva ca karmani kriyamanani sarvasah
yah pasyati tathatmanam akartaram sa pasyati

“One who can see that all activities are performed by the body, which is created of material nature, and sees that the self does nothing, actually sees.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.31

Yada bhuta-prithag-bhavam eka-stham anupasyati
tata eva ca vistaram brahma sampadyate tada

“When a sensible man ceases to see different identities due to different material bodies and he sees how beings are expanded everywhere, he attains to the Brahman conception.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.32

Anaditvan nirgunatvat paramatmayam avyayah
sarira-stho pi kaunteya na karoti na lipyate

“Those with the vision of eternity can see that the imperishable soul is transcendental, eternal, and beyond the modes of nature. Despite contact with the material body, O Arjuna, the soul neither does anything nor is entangled.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.33

Yatha sarva-gatam sauksmyad akasam nopalipyate
sarvatravasthito dehe tathatma nopalipyate

“The sky, due to its subtle nature, does not mix with anything, although it is all-pervading. Similarly, the soul situated in Brahman vision does not mix with the body, though situated in that body.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.34

Yatha prakasayaty ekah krtsnam lokam imam ravih
kshetram ksetri tatha krtsnam prakasayati bharata

“O son of Bharata, as the sun alone illuminates all this universe, so does the living entity, one within the body, illuminate the entire body by consciousness.”

Bhagavad Gita 13.35

Kshetra-kshetrajnayor evam antaram jnana-caksusa
bhuta-prakriti-moksham ca ye vidur yanti te param

“Those who see with eyes of knowledge the difference between the body and the knower of the body, and can also understand the process of liberation from bondage in material nature, attain to the supreme goal.”

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