|Information About Assam
Assam is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur in the city of Guwahati. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 78,438 km.
Assam is known for Assam tea, large and old petroleum resources, Assam silk and for its rich biodiversity. Assam has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. It is becoming an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, and Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. Assam was also known for its Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted now. A land of high rainfall, Assam is endowed with lush greenery and the mighty river Brahmaputra, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a unique hydro-geomorphic and aesthetic environment.
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|State Literary Society
||Assam Literary Society
||Foxtail Orchids (Kopou phul)
||Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (Hollong)
||One-horned rhinoceros (Gor)
||Deo haah (White-winged Wood Duck)
Assam and its Environs: As per the plate tectonics, Assam is in the eastern-most projection of the Indian Plate, where the plate is thrusting underneath the Eurasian Plate creating a subduction zone and the Himalayas. Therefore, Assam possesses a unique geomorphic environment, with plains, dissected hills of the South Indian Plateau system and with the Himalayas all around its north, north-east and east.
Assam is a major producer of crude oil and it accounts for about 15% of India’s crude output, exploited by the Assam Oil Company Ltd., and natural gas in India and is the second place in the world (after Titusville in the United States) where petroleum was discovered. Asia’s first successful mechanically drilled oil well was drilled in Makum (Assam) way back in 1867. Most of the oilfields are located in the Upper Assam region. Assam has four oil refineries located in Guwahati, Digboi, Golaghat (Numaligarh) and Bongaigaon with a total capacity of 7 Million metric tonnes (7.7 million short tons) per annum. Despite its richness in natural resources, the benefits have yet to improve the lives of the people of Assam.
Assam has several institutions for tertiary education and research. The major institutions are:
- Gauhati University, Guwahati
- Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh
- Assam University, Silchar
- Tezpur University, Tezpur
- Silchar Medical College, Silchar
- Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat
- Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
- National Institute of Technology, Silchar
- Assam Engineering College, Guwahati
- Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat
- Jorhat Institute of Science & Technology, Jorhat
- Jorhat Medical College, Jorhat
- Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati
- Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh